Ghost Hand Prints on My Back

Fake or genuine?

Lately it has been a large number of spam emails circulating around our community, with a title “Avoid Siloso beach, Sentosa – Singapore”. Have you also received one or two? It looks like one of those friendly advisory mails that warn us a piece of danger, with real life experiences (bad and scary of course), right from our trustable next door neighbours. Without fail, it tries to tell us a paranormal incident, or more precisely, a sign of mischievous ghosts who tried to murder a girl. It encourages people by using a scary story to heed the advice.

This is the exact version of the circulation email:

On 4 July 09 -my Wife friend’s daughter went to siloso beach to frolick in the sun and sea and returned home with not just the sports bra tanline but a set of child’s handprints and one more on the shoulder, a bigger hand.If you look carefully in the first photo, you’ll see the really long nails on the bigger hand. So they went to the Chinese temple and checked and apparently a child-ghost tried to push her into the water but didnt work…so the adult-ghost tried on her right shoulder, didn’t work as well..turns out that, as Buddhists, the god they were praying to at home was protecting her.

Freaky.. I guess this explains the one-drowning-incident-a-year problem at Siloso beach?

Avoid deep waters or late nights there if you can.

Photos attached along with the circulated spam email

The story is telling that two ghosts tried to push the girl into the water, in an attempt of drowning her. In doing this, the two ghosts, one big and one small, left their handprints on the girl’s body. It is claimed to be evidenced by the mysterious handprints left on her shoulders as shown in the photos.

SPI doubt that whether they are really handprints made by the ghosts. If that is real, this then is a true case of paranormal happening – ghosts left behind physical traces of murder.

The story continued by glorifying the power of Buddhist blessing that defeated the ghosts’ attempt of murder. Then it moved on to an allegation that explains the infamous yearly drowning at Siloso beach. At the end it gave a benevolent advice to avoid deep waters or late nights where scary ghosts are implied to roam about. As you can see in this story, by a self-righteous belief, they attributed the ghosts who tried to kill the girl and the protection by the Buddha as a convincing fact. The only visible hard evidences however are the handprints and may be the fact that the girl didn’t die.

So did the ghosts make the handprints? Impressive they do certainly look, as if resembling shapes of human hand and finger. What actually and physically caused the handprints, if not by the ghosts? Putting the superstitions aside, SPI probes rationally into the handprints mystery for the truth.

SPI Analysis

Theory 1: The handprints are suntan of some shades

This canopy theory suggests that something of shapes of hands covered parts of her body during the suntan. The shades can be possibly tree leaves or even patterns of some cloths such as Hawaiian design garments. The girl may fall asleep during her suntan, and unknowingly such canopy was just right above her. The canopy that cast the shadow on her skin may well resemble fingers and hands. For example, palm tree leaves do look like claws or hands with long fingers.

The same theory can extend to possibilities that her friends may have played prank on her, giving her some surprise suntan shapes by holding her shoulders for some period of time. Or possibly may be some maple leaves fell on her shoulders, giving her the handprint-like suntan marks.

Tree leaves that may leave suntan marks on the girl’s body
Design patterns on the cloth may have cast the handprints
Examples of tan lines resulted by covering of swim wear

This theory suffers a main flaw that the outline of the sunburn marks are quite distinctive. That means if there were some canopy covered partially her body, it would be quite close to her skin. So unlikely tall trees can result in such marks with clear outlines. Also, as we all know, the sun moved. If the girl remained stationary under the canopy, the angle of the shade projection from a tree would change.This theory may not sufficiently explain the handprint marks, though it may be a first impression that came to many minds.

Theory 2: Uneven sunscreen oil

Examining closely on the ghostly handprints, they do not look like exactly handprints. Think out of the box. Initially by the story most people would have been misled to perceive that they are handprints. Only some of the photos whereby certain angle from above the corner of the shoulder, and by covering part of her shoulder from below with her shirt, give rise to visions of handprints. This is an illusion. As shown in the photos below, the illusion is caused by the position of the shirt the girl was wearing. The edge of the shirt marks the boundary of the handprints making them look like the wrist lines. The green lines mark the shape of a hand with the fingers. The red lines in the photo complete the shape of a hand, by resembling the wrist, the ending boundary of the hand.

The edge of the shirt when being pulled down to certain position, outlines visually the wrist (red lines)
That is how and why the prints look like ‘hand’ prints.

Now the shirt is pulled further down, and viewed from direct back. Do the prints still look like handprints? Not anymore.
They look more like Bart Simpson headprints (!!)

Now look carefully on the other photos especially those that offer a full and direct view of the her back. The sunburn concentrates on her top shoulder, with edge of some zigzag patterns. Some of the zigzag patterns were said to be the handprints. When you look closer, especially in the third photo above, the handprints are actually two long areas that start from the edge of the shoulder and extend all the way down on her back. Ghost hands? Not really. They more look like Bart Simpson’s head though.Just to further reinforce the fact that they are not handprints, below we show some suntan marks of handprints. The handprints are of course deliberately created by placing a hand on the skin during the suntan. Compare the photos yourself with those so-called handprints created by pulling up the shirt to create the illusion.

Real handprints by suntan, for comparison
Naturally, the next question is that whether this kind of patterns are normal or really, paranormal. We can safely rename those falsified handprints to ‘Bart Simpson headprints’ (BSH in short) by now. Below shows a photo of BSH which is one of the common suntan patterns resulted by improper sunscreen oil applying. Followed by that photo is a collection of photos as evidences of uneven suntan oil applications. Well, it is in fact very normal for all of us. This is nothing unusual at all, by applying suntan lotion or oil inappropriately, to result uneven marks on body.

Suntan that resembles Bart Simpson’s head due to uneven sunscreen oil coverage – normal phenomenon

Other examples of uneven coverage of sunscreen oil

Now, the big question is, what could possibly cause this kind of Bart Simpson’s head suntan prints?SPI Yuiiko narrates her experience last year which left her with more or less the same type of BSH prints on her back. Yuiiko explained “BSH print is nothing but result of uneven coverage of sunscreen oil applying. I got it before in one of the swimming and tanning sessions in a swimming pool. My husband who applied the oil on my body, didn’t cover evenly the whole skin area. He rubbed the oil on the back, limbs, etc, but forgot to apply the oil evenly over my shoulder. The top edge of the BSH mark is the oil from his fingers, therefore it has the zigzagging shape. They are just finger marks. The BSH print I used to have is same as that on the girl in the rumour.”

Yuiiko having her suntan session

ReenactmentIn order to further reinforce that the so-called ghost handprints are merely normal suntan, we tried to demonstrate how the Bart Simpson head shape suntan can be created. It is reenacted by using face mask cream and applying it on skin in a shot of up-down action, without rubbing the cream on skin thoroughly.

Bart Simpson head patterns recreated by using face mask cream
1. Ghost handprint created by rolling up the shirt to approximately the ‘wrist’ position – illusion created
2 – 4. When cream is only on fingers, distinctive straight lines are made

In the above photos, there are essentially two experiments. The first is to recreate the Bart Simpson head patterns on the back. It is made simply by first rubbing the cream on the hands, and then glided the hands vertically down in one shot from shoulders to the lower back. The patterns give a somewhat zigzag at the top resembling the fingers. Now if the full BSH pattern is covered up to the wriest position, it could look like a handprint (as in the ghostly rumoured photo).The second experiment, we only applied the cream on the fingers, without rubbing full on the hand palms, and then print them directly on the skin. We have several simple lines instead of a wedge of BSH pattern. What does it mean?

It means that in the ghostly handprint photos, whoever applied the uneven sunscreen oil on the girl’s back, had rubbed the oil on his/her palms. But perhaps hastily, he/she roughly just rubbed one or few shots over the girl’s back. Obviously, her shoulder was not thoroughly rubbed, leaving the finger marks on. In this section we explained how the Bart Simpson head patterns were made by first rubbing the cream on hand palms and just rubbed down from the shoulder in one or few shots. It is just an illusion by pulling up the cloth to cover the rest and to expose only the top part that resembles a handprint.

What a hoax

What actually happened in the whole incident? If the reader will indulge me, I shall outline a board scenario for what happened, and venture some theories on what the hand prints are.

First of all, the EXIF information is detected missing from the photos under question. EXIF is a metadata tag that is like a fingerprint that tells information about camera used, aperture, shutter speed and ISO information etc. If the story is true, why bother to go into technical length and remove the EXIF information? We find it suspicious. Was it something somebody is trying to hide?

Under our inspection program, the EXIF information were totally removed from that set of photos. Why hide if no guilt?

Just as a speculation, the girl might have unknowingly made those strange marks on her skin. Well, not exactly strange. The suntan marks look like handprints only when viewed from an angle above the shoulder with the cloth covering the lower part. The girl went to have a suntan on one fine day. It is likely that somebody else, e.g. her friend, who applied the sunscreen lotion on her, did a lousy job. From the suntan line, the girl should be wearing a “Y” belt sport bra. Because of the “Y” shaped belt, the bare shoulder blades (trapezius) look visually prominent. So intuitively, one would prioritize rubbing most of the lotion on the shoulder blade areas. The shoulders top were somehow ignored. That was how it was filled with finger marks but not evenly covered with sunscreen lotion. The suntan went on, the girl may not have noticed the uneven sunscreen coverage because the oil was soon absorbed into the skin.Probably only when she got home, she felt the sensation of skin burn and examined how bad the burn was. That was why she took these photos. Out of such set of photos, there are few photos with the special angles and collar positions that reveal the interesting shapes of handprints. However it is not known who made up the story and circulated the photos. Taken a sentence from the story “my Wife friend’s daughter went to siloso beach…”, it seems the girl was not the original poster, if that sentence is true. Perhaps somebody snatched the photos and created the hoax out of them.

If anybody has any information about the photos, or you are the owners of the photos, please contact SPI (

1-3. It is not uncommon that some people did not apply the sunscreen lotion unevenly and thoroughly.
As such, as shown in the photos, it is possible to create suntan lines that resemble ‘handprints’
4. When the sunscreen oil was absorbed into the skin, it became invisible and usually the swimmer would not have noticed it easily.

The handprints are not ghostly but natural phenomenon as a result of sunscreen lotion was not being properly applied. The collar of the shirt and the angle of camera shot gave an illusion that the prints are of hands. Actually they are shapes of Bart Simpson’s head when viewed at a perpendicular angle. The story is a lame rumour that conveniently made use the strange shape of handprints, called them ghost hands that tried to push the girl into the sea. The story went on to tell the benefit of being a devoted worshiper of a religion and hence got protected. From time to time, there are always similar rumours, for instance, somebody escaped death from a car accident, and his jade amulet was broken into halves as if the jade took upon the death on the owner’s behalf.It was condemned in STOMP that a liar out there was just trying to promote a religion. It is just another lame hoax that embeds within a superstitious propaganda for glorifying a supernatural power. By the Chinese cultural belief, ghost is an intangible and dark being that is very afraid of sunlight. Ghost can’t even substain for a slightest moment by exposing under a scorching sun. It would be more of the ghost killing itself than killing the girl by pushing her into water under a bright hot sun (!!). The last sentence warns people to stay away from deep water. It is not the deep water that kills. It is the ignorant people who are illuded into fallacies, disregard the truth and underestimate the risks.

To the SPI, it is another case closed.

Devil’s Jetty

View of Haunted Jetty in early morning

Written by SPI Agent Koolad
This is a report written from my personal encounters and other witnesses’ of a dangerous (both spiritually and physically) place at ECP. Coincidently a number of strange incidents happened, thereby the place is reputedly haunted. May it be paranormal or not, I hope this report would instigate some ripple effects to making it a safer place for anglers and visitors who hang out there.

Location is situated at St Patrick’s canal, behind Marine Terrace. Commonly known to fishermen as “Four Pipes”. At the jetty you can breath some fresh air, catch a good view of where a blue sky and sea merged at a horizon. It is simply relaxing to stroll along the sandy beach. Best of all, there are plenty of fish to catch. It seems like a serene getaway paradise from the busy urban life. Little anybody would know about its dark side. Read on, the following horror but factual incidents that took place right there, will thrill you.


The following pictures are taken at a rare -0.02 tide.


The true physical dangers of the platform(jetty) for tides above 2.8m would flood the platform causing moss and algae to thrive. Slippery without any barriers or railings to prevent falling into the rock filled seabed.


Left over pilings are still in the seabed, as you can see.


View of the right side.


View of the left side. As I was seabed surveying, I’ve noticed something on the left seabed that looks similar to a Taoist instrument “ba gua” (Chinese Feng Shui symbol). I didn’t take any photo of it as this pictures were meant to be for fishing. The suspected “ba gua” is in a pentagon shape, red in colour that’s all i’ve seen for the rest is under a huge rock and the only time to see it again is to wait for another -0.02 tide, usually at around 6am. Was the “ba gua” related to some haunting or exorcism at the site? Or just that somebody disposed what supposed to be a sacred item at sea, literatelly letting it return to nature?

In a separate incident, a stone “ba gua” was picked up by chance in a similar sea bed at low tide. This time, it is in a form of stone seal, diameter of about the size of a human palm. Probably it is carved or pressed on a piece of concrete. The mystery is not only how on earth it ended up in a sea shore, but what exactly that thing is and what it was used for.


Different angles of the mysterious ba gua stone

1-3 Comparing with the size of an one dollar coin; 4. The fresh look of the ba gua stone when it was first discovered from the shore

Scary Incidents

In the recent months May and June 09, it has already claimed 2 lives due to drowning cases at the site of the jetty.

The following is an eyewitness account: On 15th June 09, a lady was spotted walking down the beach and suddenly turned hysterical, running into the sea looking like trying to drown herself. Luckily there were two helpful guys who saw the commotion and pulled her outta the sea in time.

I wasn’t at the scene of that incident as reported but told by witnesses (one whom is reliable doesn’t talk “crap”), so I couldn’t describe much about the lady. This is how the lady was described: Eyes were noted rolled back, only whites were seen. Mouthful filled with sand and harsh English vulgarities spitting outta of her at the top of her voice. The English vulgarities are utterance of a series of common 4-letter words “f*ck” and other insulting adjectives, behaving like a demon not humanly. Strength of a superhuman for a Chinese lady. Shortly after the police and paramedics were called in. Psychotic torment, ghostly possession or on drugs?

Happening in the scene

Sand was even thrown inside the policeman’s shirt for trying to restrain her, shortly after the police managed to cuff her and brought her back.

When I have first heard of this incident from witnesses who have seen what happened moments ago, my first thought was just another depressed soul going for suicide. It made me think twice however when they carried on the description – the details of how superhuman she was with a demonic behaviour like it’s trying to kill the human and not the average suidcial “I wanna die”, and the way the “demon” was taunting the cops even fooled them. (just like how you see in the movies, it’s not insanity but rather another “thing” controlling her). The woman’s behaviour is almost the same of other incidents nearby.. probably 300m away. The last suicide i’ve heard is at bedok jetty but not at the 4pipes here.

Talking about depressed souls, I have not seen/noticed any depressed individual there, for most would be further down nearer to McDonald’s restaurant where they can sit around. As far as I know, the likely causes of the drownings here are mostly accidents due to slippery grounds, not suicides. And that relates to another spooky instance which I am going to tell next.

Snapshots from movies of how a possessed woman looks like. The look must be dramatized when compared to real-life cases

In the first incident, I did not get to have a close look at the possessed woman. But almost at the same place, I have my personal encounter of interacting of a phantom woman that freaked me out.

One night I was fishing alone and a young lady wearing shirt skirt walked up to me, saying nothing but just stared at me… At first I was at loss for words because that place is in total darkness. She was quite near me from where she was passing. She left shortly after a while saying “very slippery” in Mandarin with a heavy China accent. She probably was saying to herself. Out of kindness, I advised her to watch her steps. Strangely she didn’t respond to me when I told her to be careful. With just my head turn in a nick of second, she “vanished” out of sight.
I thought to myself, the woman was probably curious of me fishing here. So she approached me. She didn’t feel right because of the slippery rocks, she might have decided not to proceed and walked off without replying me after I told her to be careful. It just happened too quickly. How can a normal human disappeared suddenly out of sight in such a huge open space? A moment ago she was still gingerly navigating herself out of the rocks.

My skeptic mind kicks in, thinking that it may be normal that human would look ‘disappearing away’ when visibility is at low, to the extent of few meters. Was that lady a ghost or human? That place is well known to be frequent by beach strollers/couples in addition to fishermen. The place is very dark for the nearest lights are about 50~80meters away.

To me the place is a paradise for fishermen. But most anglers would prefer to stay away at night because of the terrain is too dangerous physically. Hearsays of spooks cast fear on people that makes fishing activities more risky. By my personal gut feel, nothing spooky nor depressing was at the beach, but I sensed a strong spooky feeling at the pedestrian bridge which is at the back of the canal aboutt 150~200m away. Next I will tell more.

SPI Yuiiko helps reenacting the girl who walked in skirt at night
She was trying to test the walking speed at which a human may appear ‘out of sight’ in darkness
There however, seems to be an orb following her…

As the orb is enlarged, do you percieve the orb resembles a smiling human face or just a bunch of random pixels?

The pedestrian bridge behind has stories of woman laughters or babies cries heard

The canal where possession took place before

This is the last paranormal incident I talk of in this report around the area. As shown in the photo below, the pedestrian bridge behind has stories of woman laughters or babies cries heard that come out of nowhere. Does this incident sure sound familiar? As I myself have encountered decades ago (refer to: The Grim Side of East Coast Park) and it happened within a 300m range apart of each other. This is a third reported known incident with similar kind of possessions that took place. Common factors are noted: During the mid year (month of June), victims eyes rolled back only whites are seen, superhuman strength for females, clear harsh english vulgarities. Is this the work of some demons who dwell around this place? Or a pure coincidence of psychotic problems that went wrong at those places? The truth is out there…

The Mystery of Bukit Timah Tomb and Hungry Ghost Howls

What are the secrets of the caves in Bukit Timah Hill?

1. First cave; 2. Second cave; 3. Third cave; 4. SPI discovered a mysterious tomb in Bukit Timah

Written by John Kwok, PhD candidate, History researcher

The Mystery

A thick mystery has canopied SPI for some years. It all started from a posting made at SPI forum in year 2004. Further speculations related to hungry ghost haunting, by other postings added on to the thickness of the mystery. It goes by the original post that tells a personal experience of a forum user that he supposes in Bukit Timah Nature Park there are two caves (actually there are three) which were used as torture chambers by the Japanese, hence spooky and haunted.

First cave, second cave, third cave, they are about 50 meters apart

Here is the original post:

Posted: Wed May 26, 2004 3:36 pm
I went to Bt Timah hill at last Saturday with some small primary school boys. (I had to accompany them and lead the way) During their rest time, I went to explore the cave path with a teacher and i found two caves. The teacher said that it was one of the torture chambers used by the Japanese during the world war II. I tried to look inside and i saw water dripping there. It was quite spooky inside there too

Based on the gruesome concept of “torture chambers” which implies horrendous death took place, the caves became reputably haunted. Following up this idea of killing place, some vivid details of haunting were toted up in our forum and public writing into SPI mailbox.

1 & 2. Torture cave in Baigonguan, China. The cave was used to be air-raid shelter.
Later it was converted to a prison that used to torture political prisoners. More info here.
3 & 4. Artist impressions of people being tortured during the war

To sum up, hearsay has it that during hungry ghost month every year, one can surely encounter paranormal at Bukit Timah Nature Reserve (BTNR). The descriptions of haunting go like this: “when walk near the caves, you can hear ghost howling. They are the cries from the souls of the victims wronged to die during the Japanese cruel torture. Not only you can hear the howl, you can see their faint apparitions flashing around when you peep deep enough into the dark cave like an endless pitch.”

Scary as it sounds. There is more of it. The rumour says near the caves, there is a mass burial grave that belongs to the victims killed in the tortures. Many dead bodies were conveniently dumped into such a big hole, and covered with thin soil at each round of killing. This is said to be a military secret during the WW2 which not many people know. No offering was given because it wasn’t known by many. So the poor souls howl and cry, most fiercely especially during Lunar Seventh Month. That is the only period of time hell gates open and they can come out to mourn for their return of justice.

Photos of the first cave, taken at three different angles

When zoomed into the very end of the cave, a ghostly face appeared in the pitch darkness.
Is the face just a manifestation of random rock patterns or a supernatural sign? You’d be the judge
If you look carefully, you’d see the left eye is weeping, and the expression is bearing in grief
The four photos are again taken at different angles.

Another related paranormal incident to the caves and mass burial is at the Bukit Timah quarry. In the 70’s and earlier, the quarry was still filled with water collected from the hill, ideal for swimming. It was known as a popular public swimming place as some elders might still remember.

It served as a swimming pool until several drowning cases happened. Lately the quarry was sealed off from entry for safety reasons, let alone swimming in it. The deaths were attributed to the water ghosts in the water who so-called “looking for substitutes of their death” for their chance of reincarnation.

During Hungry Ghost month, it was such an Old Wives’ Tales that swimming is tabooed especially in the Bukit Timah Quarry. Well, the ghosts were also rumoured to be those victims murdered during WW2 at BTNR. The ghosts would pull the legs of the swimmers and made them drown at the water quarry.

So in summary, the haunting by the hearsay is listed as below:

  • Caves were used as torture chambers by the Japanese soldiers
  • Many killings occurred but the dead were not given a proper burial
  • A mass burial grave was made somewhere near the cave, but was forgotten
  • Ghosts did not receive proper offerings; the unrest souls are out to haunt the living
  • One haunting is at the cave proximity, where vengeful ghost crying can be heard and dark apparitions can be seen
  • The other haunting is connected to the Bukit Timah Quarry that is a stone throw away; the forgotten ghosts since cannot receive proper care of religious rituals they pulled the legs of the swimmers, each man killed the ghosts receive a chance to reincarnation.
  • The ghost of the drown swimmer in turn, would have to kill another swimmer to reincarnate. Such is a vicious cycle.

In order to solve this thick mystery, we untangle it by breaking down the research tasks:

What are those caves? What were they used for? Was it really being used as torture chambers? Are ghosts really in there? What actually caused the swimmers to die? What are those crying moans and what are those flashing dark apparitions in the cave? (Assume that the cries and sightings were really perceived by the story tellers, and they were not exaggerating).

The investigation

SPI team recently checked out the caves, as well as interviewed a passerby at BTNR. Starting from the Cave path, follows a winding forest path Tiup Tiup Hut trail, one of the longer and less popular routes to the summit. We found three caves, at about 50 meters apart. The caves run very deep, man-built, about 2 meters wide and 2 meters tall.

SPI set out to investigate Bukit Timah Hill

After trekking for half an hour, we found the caves but locked up with heavy metal gates

Close up views of the metal gates

Graffiti on the wall. What are these words? (Close up here) Vendalism or clues to the reasons of the metal gates?

He said here is haunted by many spirits?

On that day when we investigated the caves, we crossed path with a roughly 50’s years man who was wearing a plain vest and shorts. This man told us that the place is very haunted, full of spirits. But to him, the spirits are pitiful entities by his Buddhist religion. He told us he frequently went there for the purpose of reciting prayers to them. We tried to ask further about what spirits and where the spirits are. He gave us a short reply “they are everywhere here” and left swiftly.

A religious man was chanting mantras aloud in the midst of the forest, to the so-called wandering souls around the area

SPI agent had a short conversion with him

SPI bumped into a religious man who believes many spirits are in the forest. At the same time, he also mentioned that this place is called “” which literately means a small bridge over moving water. It is said to be a sacred place with strong and ubiquitous energies. The running water that forms a little stream is claimed to have healing power. We saw a couple came moments ago with water pals to carry away the water. They immersed their bodies under the stream, getting wet head over heels. Cooling as it surely is, how real might the healing power be?

To run an instant experiment, Kenny soaked his fresh wound on the arm that was accidently sratched during the forest exploration just now. Besides it washed the dirts away from the wound, no miraculous healing effect was observed yet. In order to have a more objective assessment, we collected a bottle of water sample to be sent for laboratory water quality tests. Is it really a supernatural elixir of life or just plain H2O with may be some extra mineral contents? SPI rationally verifies.

A holy place in the forest as perceived by some people, filled with spiritual energy.
It is however just a part of the old water catchment facility;
In the first photo, did you notice there is an orb some distance off from the bridge?
A scary face can be seen when it is enlarged.

Collected a bottle of water sample for analysis

Ghost pull your legs at Bukit Timah Quarry

On another occasion, we investigated the Bukit Timah quarry. The water level was about waist deep; but the rock formation on the sea bed filled with many pits. In other words, the bottom of the water quarry was not flat. One may accidentally step on the deep pits, either sink straight in or trapped in the soft mud. The mud is like a big suction to the swimmer’s foot. With panic and acute fear set in, the more the swimmer struggled the more he sank with the quick-sand effect.

Bukit Timah Water Quarry – rumours said ghost will pull legs of swimmers

View of the quarry from atop

Anyway, this is not verified as we can never take a risk of putting a human experiment at the water quarry. But from the photo records of Bukit Timah quarry in the early days, we got to know that the rock formation on the bottom is full of very ragged granites.

SPI discovered a strange solitary tomb

SPI team is climbing up a slope just before they discovered the tomb.
Along the way, in three consecutive photos, an orb is observed.
It is not known whether it is the same orb all the way. Close up shots are here: orb 1, orb 2, orb 3

A solitary Chinese tomb is discovered by surprise. It is facing East direction.

1. This is the Empresses stone tablet behind the main tomb, kind of coarsely built;
2. Some plastic bag debris remained there – possibly somebody came before long time ago;
3 & 4. Is this tomb the landmark to the treasure cave? We continued the search around the proximity

SPI found several other stone markers nearby too, with red paint on

There is an incredible discovery when we were investigating the caves. From the direction where the wind howls into the cave, we observed a steep slope. A strange impulse motivated us to risk climbing down the slope.

After a challenging climb, we were stunned of what we saw – a Chinese tomb was standing at the alcove of the slope. It was never known in any written document that BTNP ever was used to be a cemetery. It is an enigma why there was such a tomb.

The analysis and the debunks

Pertaining to the mysteries listed below, we analysed our findings by rationally reasoning:

Debunking Mystery 1: Ghosts haunting at the caves and the quarry?

As for the haunting of the quarry, SPI by an on-site investigation, found that the bottom of quarry was not made flat, but full of ditches and lose sands. Quarries are so dangerous to swim in because there are different layers in the bottom. There could be boulders in places, or drop off sharply in other places. The pitfalls plus the fear by the hungry ghosts are the culprits responsible for many deaths.

The bottom of a quarry which is full of dangerous ragged rocks before water filled in

The ghostly cry and apparition sightings at the caves could be due to the echo of the wind blowing into the cave and the appearance of the wild animals in the nature reserve respectively.

Quoting from Npark, BTNR indeed has a variety of wild animals not very commonly known to the public:

Bukit Timah Nature Reserve has been untouched for almost the past 180 years. The 163-hectare reserve retains one of the largest tracts of primary rainforest left in Singapore.

“The forest is also home to more than 500 species of animals, including butterflies. Keen observers may spot the Common Treeshrew (Tupaia glis), the Flying Lemur (Cynocephalus variegatus) and with just a bit of luck, the nocturnal Pangolin or Ant-eater Manis javanica).”

Other animals that are common there includes:
– Long-tailed Macaque (Macaca fascicularis)
– Plantain Squirrel (Callosciurus notatus)
– mildly venomous Oriental Whip Snake (Ahaetulla prasina)
– Greater Racket-tailed Drongo (Dicrurus paradiseus)
– Crimson Sunbird (Aethopyga sipahaja)
– etc…

Yes, they like to howl

Their squeaking screams can be very scary when they are out of sight

For example, as an experiment here, can you see what the dark apparition is in the photo?
If you click on the thumb image above you will see a dark shadow;
But if the photo is brightened up, clearly the apparition is not a spook.
So lighting condition plays a large part in those so-called ghost sightings.

Furthermore the section of path along the Path Trail and the Tiup Tiup Trail is densely forested. The canopy of tall trees shades off most of the sunlight making the area eerily dark even during daytime. So it is very likely that those dark apparitions being spotted are merely birds and wild animals in the jungle. Bats could have lived inside the caves too.

Debunking Mystery 2: What are the caves used for, torture chambers?

No record ever found in Singapore, caves were used as torture chambers. It was just rumoured from hearsay at SPI forum. Common sense can tell that it is not justifiable to built three caves with deep tunnels, just for torturing people. The sizes of the tunnel that measures no larger than 2 x 2 meters wouldn�t make a good space for torturing. Also, why not just conveniently tied up the victims on a tree for tortures in an open space? Many places in a jungle can be used for torturing, such as those jungles at Burma when many POWs were tortured in the Death of Railway.

The effort for digging into solid granite for three cave tunnels seems to serve a better purpose. A brief search on the internet yields some preliminary results of mentioning that the caves were used for storing supplies and ammunitions during the Japanese occupation by the Japanese army. The same was told to SPI by making inquiries to the information help desk at BTNR too.

Lets examine the structure of the cave, especially the flooring.
There seem to be some broken fragements of slates on the ground.
Does this imply it used to have a solid ground over which heavy items (on wheels) can easily be transported?

1. The cave is somehow shaped like a funnel with a wide space at the front;
You can see that the side walls are almost vertically flat;
2. In one of the cave, there is a strange light somewhere in the middle; See enlarged;
Does it mean there may be an opening somewhere over the top of the cave tunnel?
3 & 4. To verify this, SPI climbed up over the cave and did some carpet search.

This makes sense because an underground shelter provided by the cave tunnel is an ideal shock-resistant storage place for ammunition. The usage of these cave tunnels were generally believed in this way, although a bunker would a preferred choice. However, upon consultation of Dr John Kwok, a lecturer from an Australian University, as well as our SPI Advisor, John found some records of oral interview (accession number 002849) at Singapore National Archive that indicate otherwise. The caves were not likely built for storing supply and ammunition, but TREASURES by referencing to the records. And the tomb discovered by SPI is the “key” to the secret treasures!

According to a Japanese WW2 veteran, whose name was HIGASHIURA Yoshifumi, there were 3 caves that were dug by the Japanese soldiers in the forest of Singapore, believed to safe-keep Singapore’s artifacts and treasures. The interviewee was one of them who dug the caves.

He also said that near the caves would be “a stone marker with red words” when being asked on how to find the caves. We suppose there was no prominent landmark or special feature that can identify the location of the caves, so that the Chinese “tomb” that has a front stone slab with red words was taken as the key position marker.

Here is the synopsis of the oral interview record by Higashiura Yoshifumi at National Archive:

Interviewee ordered to dig three caves in forest of Singapore. Believed caves were meant to safe-keep Singapore’s artifacts and treasures. Described the structure of the tunnels. Interviewee believed that treasures were kept within. Described the location of the tunnels.

This is John’s observation. The National Archive interviewer was asking him where the caves are. He replied vaguely… like “100 meters further deeper in the jungle and go around the hill. Go to your right, when you find the marker with red words, the caves are there.”

Each cave was described to be at least seven to eight meters deep. They were dug sometime in 1944. The tone of the interviewer was like pressing him for information. On one hand it sounds like the ramblings of an old man. On the other hand, he sounded very sure about those tunnels.

So quite clearly, if the Japanese veteran was telling the truth – the caves are built by the Japanese to hide the treasures and artifacts of Singapore. Those treasures probably were looted during the Japanese occupation time. How true and believable this account can be? By referring to the legend of Yamashita Gold in Philippines, many similar caves were dug for storing loots of treasures.

Illustrative photos that resemble how treasure caves look like

Why then the Japanese needed those cave tunnels to store the treasures? Wouldn’t it be better if can get them transported directly back to Japan during the occupation? Well, by 1943 the Japanese were no longer in control of the seas… It doesn’t make sense to bring in something that valuable here when you know it’s going to be lost to the Americans anyway. It however could be a good contingency plan that they temporarily hide the treasure in a very secret place (like the three caves with relative unnoticeable entrances in a thick jungle) with only the tomb being the marker “key”.

And coincidentally, the caves were dug in year 1944 that was about a year later when the Japanese realized that they no longer can take the sea route safely to send home the treasure. Hence the contingency plan of burring the treasures in a secret location took place, in the hope of recovering them when the war was over in the future.

Chronologically it goes like this:
End of 1941, the Chinese tomb was erected
1942, Japan invaded Singapore, probably looted certain amount of treasures
1943, Japan started to lose power in sea to the Americans, sea transportation of treasure may not be feasible anymore
1944, Japanese army dug the caves for hiding the treasures

Subsequently, by the old Japanese soldier’s account, the tomb was the “key” to the caves.

Debunking Mystery 3: Why a Chinese tomb was found at BTNR?

It seems like the tomb fits the description of a marker with red words in the account of oral interview at National Archive. In this case, the tomb may be established with a significant reason – as a marker to the treasure cave, if it is not a coincidence that it happened to be there.

Observing around, there are no other tombs around implying that the area was not meant to be a cemetery. Compared to the famous “Water Tomb” at McRitchie Reservoir which was believed to be built because of the Feng Shui environment facing the water, the tomb at BTNR is just a simple tomb without any Feng Shui resemblance.

Furthermore, the tomb at BTNR looks quite “make-shift” as if it was built in a hurry. You can see the inscription of the BTNR tomb tablet was quite sketchy too, but the words are in red-paint.

Perhaps this solitary tomb was deliberately erected there as a marker telling the position of the secret caves. If so, this must be a clever idea as tombs are common objects which people would not pay much attention about (except may be SPI : ) and to the traditional Chinese concept, people would leave tombs alone out of respect.

This is just a speculation anyway. However, the year when the tomb was established might give some clue: 30th year of Taiwan national calendar, 29 December. Converting to western calendar, that was the end of year 1941. That was the year even before the Japanese aggression army set foot in Singapore.

Therefore, the tomb shouldn’t be erected by the Japanese as a disguise of a position marker. It is nevertheless possible that the Japanese might have discovered this tomb in 1944, and conveniently used it as a position marker to dig the caves. The tomb, as well as the caves, are facing direct East as found by SPI.

So why the tomb was located there which later made use by the Japanese army to dig caves and hid treasures?

It is still a mystery.

Perhaps you can help us to unlock the mystery…

Inscription that dictates the details

Close-up of the words which are clearly shown on the tomb – Do you know who this Madam Hsu is? We would like to hear from you to complete this mystery.

Paranormal Photos Captured in SPI Halloween Bash 2007?

A face from the top is receiving the offering?
A real ghost or just some resemblance of facial features in the smoke?

The Story Behind these Photos

These photos were taken as normal documentary photos during our SPI activities. Special thanks to Desmond who luckily photograhed them.

In year 2007, SPI invited Master Wilson from Malaysia conducted a series of experiments verifying the efficacy of some Talisman spells.

Information about the experiments can be found here.

Photo Analysis

During the experiments, members are welcome to take photos in the hope of probably capturing some paranormal elements. SPI Desmond has two lucky shots. One is on top of the smoke in the orbs of offering burning – he got a face hovering above the smoke instead of orbs. He felt a there was a force pressing down from above, and got this shot.

The other is the opposite. A force rising from below the wooden masks, as if some invisible entity was standing up from the buried hole, like a huge jinn squeezing out from Aladdin’s lamp.

The EXIF data from both photos show that was taken from a Nokia 6288 camera-phone. The photos are authentic and had never been doctored.

Nevertheless, skeptics would call these faces in the smoke merely Simulacra. It is known in psychology that our human minds are at best in recognizing “faces” since birth. In the infant stage, every baby first would be able to recognize mother’s face before anything else.

The sensation of presence of entities from the smoke could probably be due to the eerie atmosphere, plus the expectation of something freaky was going to happen during the experiments.

A demon being summoned up in the experiment by the Taoist magic?
Or just shapes smoke playing tricks in our minds?

What view is yours in this case? Welcome to share you opinion


Written by SPI Research team: Scapula and Portagee

Yuiiko has taken this strange photo by chance in the flight cabin;
Is it an anomaly or a camera fault?

Recently the crash of Singapore Airlines flight SQ006 in Taipei in 2000 was mentioned in the SPI public forums. According to the story, the crash of flight SQ006 may be caused supernaturally by an earlier tragedy that involved the Singapore Airlines (SIA); the murder of a SIA flight stewardess in Los Angeles. This story has been circulating on the Internet since 2001. It has gained popularity in Singapore and has even become an urban legend amongst flight crew members in SIA. Since the anniversary of both events is drawing near, SPI has decided to take a closer look at the story.

Murdered SIA Stewardness Came Back for Revenge?

Background information provided by the author sets the tone of the story:

Singapore Airlines (SIA) have removed SQ 006 permanently from their timetable. The flight number is now replaced by SQ 030. The return flight of SQ 005 is now SQ 029. From now on, SQ 006 is history. The flight numbers were changed after the SIA investigating team and management found something spooky happened on the SQ 006 final flight. Believe it or not? If you recall, a few years ago on the date that SQ 006 crashed, there was this Taiwanese SIA stewardess who was murdered in a hotel in Los Angeles. The murder suspect was her fellow colleague, an Eurasian guy.

Her naked body was dismembered and hidden in a cupboard. Do you know that she was wearing red when she was flown back to Singapore on SQ 006 via Taipei and wore red when she was buried? Her mother wore red too to receive her body at the Changi International Airport. Exactly one year (31st October) later on her death anniversary, the plane crashed in Chang Kai Shek International Airport in Taipei. Coincidentally, this was also the day the Eurasian steward was released from prison.

Memories of flying with SIA flights

Something Spooky Caused the Plane Crash?

The author of the story claims that the flight number, SQ006, was permanently removed from the SIA flight timetable after the crash investigations were completed. The story suggests that the reason behind this was because “something spooky” was discovered in the events leading to the doomed flight. However, the flight number SQ006 was changed after the accident because the flights had been re-routed to that of SQ030; the flight number was not replaced but discontinued. What had permanently changed in SIA after the crash was the discontinuation of painting any SIA aircraft with a promotion livery. At the time of the accident, the Boeing 747-412 9V-SPK aircraft that had operated on SQ006 flight was painted with a “Tropical” livery instead of the standard SIA livery. The “Tropical” livery was part of the airlines’ marketing exercise promoting its new First Class and Business Class seats. There was only one other SIA aircraft that was painted with a similar “Tropical” livery; the sister aircraft of the plane involved in the crash: 9V-SPL. After the accident, it was re-painted with the airlines’ original colours and SIA discontinued the use of any promotional livery on its aircraft, possibly in memory the tragedy.

1. Every airacraft carries a registered number, like a license plate on automobile;
this one is 9V-SRK. It looks like 9V-SPK which was the SQ006 plane from a distance
2. This one is 9V-SYL. Aircrafts that are registered in Singapore all start with prefex 9V by the international codes

SPI Debunks the Fallacies

The author of the story attempts to link another tragedy in the airlines’ history to the tragedy of SQ006. The murder of Chang Yu, an SIA stewardess, in 1995 received considerable media attention in Singapore. She was murdered by her SIA colleague who was later arrested in Singapore and extradited to the United States to face trial. According to the story, key dates in the murder case and the SQ006 crash looked like they are strangely and coincidentally related. However, when these coincidences were compared they become questionable. The crash of SQ006 took place on 31 October 2000, but the murder of Chang occurred on 25 October 1995; it was neither “on the date that SQ006 crashed” nor was the crash “exactly one year later on her death anniversary.” Finally, the air steward (whose name is Zaini Jeloni and there was no mention that he is an Eurasian), was released in the US on 8 January 2001 after serving a prison sentence for causing Chang’s death, not coincidentally on the same date of the SQ006 crash. The only coincidence that linked the two tragedies was the year when Jeloni was released from prison was also when this story was first circulated on the Internet.

The story claims that Chang’s body was found “dismembered” in a closet in her hotel room when in actual fact he body was found strangled with evidence of blunt trauma wounds to her head and stomach. The author went on suggest that the aircraft which repatriated Chang’s body back to Singapore was the same plane that crashed on 31 October 2000: “She [Chang] was flown back to Singapore on SQ 006 via Taipei� Exactly one year (31st October) later on her death anniversary, the plane crashed in Chang Kai Shek International Airport in Taipei.” The aircraft involved the accident, Boeing 747-412 9V-SPK, was delivered to SIA in January 1997, two years after the murder of Chang in Los Angeles. It could not have been the same aircraft that repatriated Chang’s body back to Singapore.

In year 2002, Hong Kong released a ghost movie “The Stewardess”. The ghost of the air stewardess was also wearing red

The storyline consists of elements of affairs, murder, body dismembered, and the ghost returned for revenge
Such are typical stereotyped attributes for ghost story

Dressing in red color upon death has a certain influence in Chinese culture

The author of the story also claims that both Chang and her mother were dressed in red when Chang’s body was repatriated to Singapore. For this claim we can only rely on the author’s research. Information of such nature is usually classified. It is worth mentioning that there is a popular belief in Singapore that if a deceased was dressed red at the time her dead or burial, she would return to seek vengeance on those who caused her death. The author had interestingly made special mention of this detail in the story. Clearly the author did not just casually mention the colour of their dresses; he/she was writing to a readership that would understand its connotations when he/she continues the story to suggest that the crash of SQ006 may have been caused by supernatural forces:

The SQ 006 TPE/LAX sector was scheduled to leave TPE at 10:55pm. As there was an approaching typhoon, the SQ 006 Captain and his crew decided to board the plane and depart 15 minutes early. The Left 1 and Left 2 doors were not closed until 10:55pm (the original departure time). The reason was that, the number of passengers did not tally with the passenger lists in economy section. One of the junior stewardess counted 5 times and advised her colleague that she could not tally the passengers in the economy section. Both of them then counted the passenger again and confirmed an extra passenger in the cabin. When they recounted the passengers with the chief stewardess again, the number of passengers was correct. The junior stewardess advised her chief stewardess that one of the lady passenger sitting in 40A (front section of the economy class) was not there and they could not locate her in the lavatories either.

The flight received push-back clearance as scheduled. The two junior stewardesses were among the casualties in SQ 006 where none of the passengers in the front economy section survived the crash. The chief stewardess only suffered slight injuries as she was sitting in the business class section.

While preparing the flight for LAX ( Los Angeles ) in the business class section, one of the male in-flight supervisor who could “see things” happen, saw a lady flipping through the passenger list which was placed on one of the first class cabin table. As there were cleaners in the cabin, he did not shout at her but when he walked to the first class section, there were no signs of this lady. The male in-flight supervisor was among the survivors left unscratched in the crash as he was sitting in the back section of the economy class. This story was brought up during an investigative interview with the SQ 006 crew.

There was suspicion that the murder a year ago could have involved more than one person but it was not pursued further. It was believed that the (Eurasian guy, who was also a SIA steward) accomplices could have been in the SQ 006 flight. It was also understood that one of the male in-flight steward who died in this crash was a buddy of the Eurasian guy. The flight number was immediately changed after the interview.

Loop-holes of the Story

The main concern and key factor that influenced the flight’s departure time was the approaching Typhoon Xangsane, which was making it increasingly hazardous for aircraft taking off or landing at the airport. The author of the story mentioned the typhoon and claimed that the pilot and flight crew had “decided to board the plane and depart 15 minutes early”. Commercial flights can only be delayed and they do not leave before the scheduled departure time. Imagine the chaos and confusion that it would cause to passengers and ground staff if a flight’s time of departure was determined solely by decisions made by the pilot and flight crew.

The official findings and reports of the SQ006 crash did not mention changes to the flight’s scheduled time of departure due to discrepancies with the passenger list and a headcount of passengers by the flight crew. If there were any discrepancy in the headcount would be reported immediately to the cockpit. The cockpit voice recorder recovered after the crash did not contain any communication between the pilots in the cockpit and the flight crew over any inconsistency with the passenger list and the passenger count.

1. A Singapore Airlines Boeing 747-400 in its normal livery.
The airline removed the tropical livery given to SPK’s sister ship after the disaster of SQ006 (Image source: Public Domain)
2. Artist’s rendition of 9V-SPK lined up with taxiway NC during Typhoon Xangsane (Image source: Wikimedia Commons)
3. The wreckage of SQ006 (Image source:

According to the author of the story, the first half was told from the experiences of two junior stewardesses and a chief air stewardess just before the flight took off. In the story, the two junior stewardesses did not survive the crash. Of the four flight crew members who did not survive the crash two were flight stewardess, one however, was a Leading Stewardess, not a junior stewardess as the story had claimed. The second half of the story claimed that the male in-flight supervisor could “see things” and prior to the accident, he saw something that was amiss on the plane; a “lady flipping through the passenger list” who was not supposed to be there. The author implied that the in-flight supervisor may have seen a vision of a lady, possibly a vision of the flight stewardess murdered years earlier. These were revealed, the story went, during an interview with the in-flight supervisor who “was among the survivors left unscratched in the crash” because he was seated “in the back section of the economy class”. The official investigation reported that “Crew duty time, flight time, rest time and off-duty activity patterns did not indicate influence of pre-existing medical, behavioral, or physiological factors of the flight crew’s performance on the day of the incident. [1]” All interviews with surviving members of the flight crew after the crash were primarily focused on the emergency evacuations procedure of the flight. There was no account of an in-flight supervisor’s “visions” mentioned in the report. Moreover, a SIA flight crew servicing a Boeing 747 is led by one in-flight supervisor. During takeoff or landing, the in-flight supervisor usually takes his seat in the middle of the plane near the stairs leading to the upper deck, not at the rear of the plane in the economy class. And the in-flight supervisor on SQ006 on 31 October 2000 did not survive the accident. He could not have been interviewed by crash investigators.

Diagram of 9V-SPK illustrating crew and passenger seat locations:
0: Fatality (location unknown), 1: No injury, 2: Minor injury, 3: Serious injury, 4: Fatality, 5: Child on lap (fatality), 6: Fuselage break
(Image source: Wikimedia Commons)

Diagram of Chiang Kai-shek International Airport and the taxi path of Singapore Airlines Flight 006.
The dotted green line indicates the correct path to Runway 05L.
The green arrow indicates the path to Runway 05R. The red path indicates the fatal takeoff path.
(Image source: Wikimedia Commons)

SPI Separated the Truths and the Lies

The story contains a number of questionable points. There are no links between the murder case in 1995 and the crash of flight SQ006 that can even be considered coincidental. The story was also based on interviews and survivor accounts that did not exist. This is at best a fictional story with supernatural themes. However, creating a fictional story based on two tragedies, not to mention one that is also rather recent, trivialises these painful events and diminishes the memory of the victims. Of the two stewardesses who died in the accident, the Leading Stewardess survived the impact of the crash and returned into the plane wreckage to try and rescue survivors. She did not return alive. Her family and friends have known her to be passionate about her career with SIA. The in-flight supervisor of SQ006 who died in the accident also reacted heroically after the initial impact of the crash. The official reports showed that he survived the impact of the crash and went up to the business class section on the upper deck to look for survivors. He did not return from the plane wreckage. The story claimed that in-flight supervisor survived the crash and was interviewed by crash investigators, ignoring his courageous act, sense of duty and responsibility. Finally, the story reminds of the tragic death a SIA flight stewardess who was killed at a young age and on her maiden flight with the airlines in 1995. It also mentions the release of her murderer in 2001 after serving a prison sentence in a medium security prison in the United States. In a Singapore where convicted offenders of serious crimes are usually given stiff sentences, or in some cases the death penalty, some Singaporeans may find the release of Chang Yu’s murderer and his return to Singapore questionable.

For families affected by the tragedy of these two traumatic events, their pain and loss is unimaginable. While the story circulating on the Internet may help keep the tragedy of these two events in the public mind, it does not remember the victims and survivors in a deservingly manner.


[1] Findings of the Aviation Safety Council, Taiwan, Republic of China after the investigations of the crash of flight SQ006. This paper acknowledges that the ASC report was disputed by the Singapore authorities with regards to probable causes leading to the crash.

Some reference photos of an air stewardess in a hotel – she of course is not Chang Yu

Related News:

Possibly one of the original and earliest “sources” of the rumour posted:
Spooky revelations of SIA crash, posted 17th July 2001, 10:02

Photo Gallery of SQ006 Crash by Zaobao:


Paranormal Photos Captured in Hungry Ghost Month 2004?

Apparition wearing SPI t-shirt?

The Story Behind these Photos

These photos were taken as normal documentary photos during our SPI activities.

In year 2004, SPI engaged with a group of Taoist priests who claimed to be able to “break open” the hell gate and summon out the hungry ghosts. They chanted and used Taoist magic spells for this experiment. It was conducted at the eve of Hungry Ghost month in year 2004, as an experiment for SPI.

During the ritual, everything proceeded as per normal, nobody really experienced anything paranormal. It was until much later on, when the photos taken during the proceedings were closely inspected – then we found the following photos with interesting phenomena.

Photo Analysis

The above photo is an excellent example of long exposure that is taken in SPI hungry ghost event in year 2004. This photo is showing a double apparitions walking up the staircase. It is a single person however. But the long exposure stretched his image with a trailing effect.

This kind of trailing effect sometimes will distort the subsequent images into scary ghost images. One example is a group of three Taoist priests in SPI experiment doing a ritual to open the Hell Gate during eve of hungry ghost in year 2004.

When look closely, behind the Taoist priests there seem be like apparitions with scary ghost faces. Logically this is due to distortion and blurriness of the moving images. Or really there are ghosts following him when they were trying to open the Hell Gate? If you look carefully, the two apparitions who follow the priest look and dress differently from the priest.

Ghosts following the Taoist priests?

Are those grey apparitions just tail-images of the Taoist priest?
Unlikely, as you can see carefully how different they do look…

Long exposure is also a culprit of showing a ghost that appears out of nowhere. In the following example, when a person that went into the view of the photo but got out of the view in a short time his image will appear translucent, like a ghost.

Can you see a girl in blue shirt and white short standing in front of the hell gate? Also a boy face appearing on the left of the photo? They are due to long exposure effect.

See the apparitions on the right and at the entrance of the hell gates?

How can we be sure it is the effect of long exposure or really there is a ghost?

From the above photo, we can check easily via the EXIF Viewer software that the exposure time by which the photo was taken is 25/10 Seconds. That means the shutter opened for 2.5 seconds for receiving the lights into the film.

2.5 seconds you may think is a short period of time. But if you think of human movement, 2.5 seconds is more than enough time for a normal human being to walk in and out of the view.

This usually happens when the subject is of a short distance away from the camera.

One more example I show below is three images of Taoist priest overlapped during a long camera exposure while they were circling rapidly in the ritual of hell gate opening.

EXIF information output by EXIF Viewer software program – like a photo fingerprint

Three overlapped Taoist priests – paranormal or effect of long exposure?

Sometimes when taking photos, there may be objects out of view which cast a shadow into the scene. When this happens, people would deem the shadow that appears to come from nowhere to be a ghost.

One very prominent example is during Hungry Ghost month in SPI event year 2004, a demon apparition is captured at the Hell Gate in Haw Par Villa. The demon seems like wearing a robe with a pair of horns on the head.

Next to the demon there is an exclamation mark too (!) Is this a real ghost? However, SPI believe it is a shadow cast from one of the exhibition figurines inside the Ten Courts of Hell.

After the hell breaking ritual, a mysterious shadow was observed in the ten courts of hell

Very strangely, the dark shadow has a pair of horns, and a big exclamation mark behind him!

What view is yours in this case? Welcome to share you opinion