SPI night Investigation photos at Bukit Batok Park 21-22 Jun 14

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SPI Overnight Investigation at St John’s Island


Contributed by:
Singapore Paranormal Investigators – Paranormal Investigation Unit (PIU)




You may not or yet to experience this. But I’m pretty sure majority had heard this “Marbles Dropping” case.  In Singapore, this usually occurs for those living in HDB (Housing Development Board) flats. Very common on this sunny island.  In some cases, other apartments like condos or even hotels had such occurrences. But mostly came from HDBs, where the residents claimed that they have heard marble sounds coming from the ceiling. Sometimes sounded like coins dropping. It can last for days, weeks, even months. And in some few cases, even sounded like a hammer knocking repeatedly or the shifting of furnitures.


Some had claimed it to be a paranormal issue, where they believed it could be spirits of children playing marbles or coins. This happens when they knew or find out that there’s no one living above them. But quite often this marbles dropping sounds could be attributed to real playful children playing with marbles. Even say so, what if there’s no one above them, especially when the unit is vacant?



This mystery has been going on for years and had affected many HDB residents for as long as anyone can remember. Ask anyone. Chances are most of them will told you or share with you their experience, that they do recall hearing those marbles. Till now, there seems to have no logical explanation behind this natural occurrence.


This occurrence usually was heard during the wee hours in the morning. Sometimes it can be heard during the day. But daytime is quite rare. Take note here, its usually occurs somewhere after midnight. Mostly people heard it anytime from 0100 – 0400hrs.  On the dot of 0000hrs seems rare.






As phenomenon it may seem. But what happened if the noise is not directly on top of your unit but the other top level? If so you may want to ask the neighbour living next door whether do they heard any noise coming from above them. So it may not be necessarily above you, but can also be from the upper levels or lower levels. Due to the noise level, no doubt you can still hear it if it is loud enough.

Just to share as an example, we received an email from this person, saying that his unit which he had rented out to a family had been experience this noises. So bad that the noise even cause their 6 month old child to cry every time the noise was heard. According to the informant, this has been going on for a month. 

Sometimes, as describe by his tenant, the sounds were like coins dropping and hammer knocking. The family thought the neighbour above them was responsible for causing the nuisance. However, the neighbour denied making those noises. Both HDB and Town Council were informed in this matter. But action is yet to be taken.


*The informant’s name and where the tenant resides were not to be disclosed as we respect their rights and privacy.

Thought the informant did hear such stories whereby people claimed that the sounds were made by spirits of children playing marbles, he did not want to come to a conclusion where this got something to do with paranormal. He did not want to scare his tenant about this. So he request for our assistance, to see if there’s any logical explanations behind all this.

Therefore the SPI – PIU began to seek any possible answers online. Even for us, we will not jump straightaway whereby this incident is just another paranormal issue which is nothing new, and what most people had claimed it might be. Cause a few of us had experience this before.

Step by step as the team slowly research. We soon learned that the noises usually occurs when the HDB flats were old. Either it be marbles or coins dropping. And in turn, the piping network which runs within will age gradually, and might even turn faulty. And speaking of old, it was said that marble dropping was known to be very common to old age HDB flat during midnight. You don’t hear it during daytime. To top it up, these are the list of possible explanations that we had dig out from sources and those who have experience this and might know something about it.




1) When water flow is shut off suddenly, the change in pressure rattles the pipes, which may sound like marbles dropping after distortion through walls.

2) Marble sound may due to expansion and contraction whereby the contractors leave little ball bearings inside the floor in between the stories. So during expand and contract, the little metals balls start jumping and moving due to air circulation. And this is necessary so as to prevent cracks.

3) Some pre-fabricated floors used in HDB flats have an embedded high-strength steel cable which can give off creaking sounds (may sounded like marbles dropping) when they contract.

4) The pipes of some air-con units make popping sounds. These sounds resemble marbles dropping when they travel through the pipe embedded in walls. Another possibility is that in some old fridges, the compressor makes this noise which can be heard clearly only at wee hours when it’s quiet.


5) This may also occur due to the weather when its at night. If the sounds only happen when it is cold or when there’s a sudden drop in temperature, then it probably is the building materials (walls and framework) contracting and expanding with the weather. Even new buildings can do this. Steam pipes and water pipes can make some popping noises with the weather changes.


6) At the stroke of midnight, the water tank at the roof of the HDB will send a gush of water down the water pipes to flush the pipes of particles. For older HDB pipes as the pipes are old, there tends to be a few particles in them and get flushed down, causing it to hit the wall of the pipes thus causing the marble dropping noise.


7) Apparently water sounds gets distorted as they pass through pipes and it sounds like falling marbles. Odd but the most plausible.


8) Engineers had placed marble-liked things into the water pipe while they build to ensure the smooth flow of the water. So sometimes when you do hear it, its most probably due to them. Perhaps we hear them more at night due to the silence associated.


Then what about the hammering noise? These are as far as we had dig out.


1 ) Water hammering in PUB water supply pipes caused by prolonged period of no water activity in the water pipes. This causes air volume/pressure to built up in the pipe. When water is re-introduced into the piping system, pockets of air bubbles are formed as the water rushes in to replace the air.

2 ) Soapy water bubbles bursting in sanitary pipes. This usually occurs at night when the pipes are not so often used, and there is a sudden release of soapy water flowing down the pipes. This usually occurs when the higher floor units flushes down sufficient quantity of soap water. A similar bubbly situation would also occur when are already plenty of soapy water at the base of the piping system due to many residents bathing at the same time.
3) Each sanitary pipe stack has vents at the roof top to allow air to escape out. Thus the agitation of the soapy solution will cause bubbles to form and the resulting air pockets bursting will sound like “Pock! Pock! Pock!” echoing in the pipes, sounding like marbles as the bubbles ‘break’ on the surface of the water. Usually marbles sounds of this sort will be only singular sound of 1 marble (means only sound like 1 marble dropping) is heard.

One of us even inquiry with some of the piping contractors to see if there are more possible explanations than what we had dig out. Surprisingly most of them explain some of the things that we had research about. Ours and theirs tallies.

Are we close to conclude it? But then again, could the sounds of marbles dropping on the floor be really due to playful children? Or something else altogether? And you know what they are, as what many people claimed it might be.
Even with the most possible explanations, it still lies a mystery. Apparently there was never, at the present moment of time, to justify of what might have been the actual cause. This is something that most of us will be pondering for ages….
Written by: Mohd Ariffin
Chief of Paranormal Investigation Unit



Written by SPI team, edited by John Kwok, PhD candidate, History researcher

[pictures will be included soon]   

“Sacred” Trees in Singapore

In 2007, a road accident involving a roadside African Mahogany tree at Jurong in Singapore was published in the local press. The focus however, was not the tragedy of the accident, but the tree after its bark was stripped off as a result of the accident and revealed what looked like the head of two monkeys. Local Singaporeans interpreted it to mean a deity living in the tree. Dubbed the Monkey Tree, it inspired local cults to worship at the tree for good fortune, especially praying for winning lottery numbers. Devotees left offerings at the tree and the crowds of people to gather to make them often resulted in human and traffic congestion, much to the displeasure of the residents neighbourhood.

The Monkey Tree was popular in Singapore, but it was by no means a unique phenomena. SPI has discovered that another tree in Singapore, while not as popular as the Monkey Tree, featured evidence of tree worship. This tree was located in the heart of Singapore’s CBD at the junction of Kepple Road and Anson. It was not difficult to spot this tree for it stands at a busy junction.

Of the many trees that line the Tanjong Pagar Complex, this one in particularly, near some office buildings and a hawker centre, was donned with dozens of water bottles hung from its branches. SPI agents made some enquiry from passers-by and office workers nearby. Surprisingly, most did not pay much attention to it or failed to notice the strangely decorated tree entirely. Indeed, it begs the question, why was this tree decorated in such a manner?


Each water bottle was connected to another by a long strip of orange coloured string. Each pair of bottles was hung from branches on the tree and was neatly spaced out; they were not clustered in one bunch. Each bottle was also filled and capped with a clear liquid, believed to be water. There were 32 bottles altogether – strung into 16 pairs. The conditions of the bottles suggest that they were all put up at the same time; there were uniform levels of corrosion on them.

Furthermore, from physical examinations of the bottles, it appeared that they were recently strung up and hung on the tree. Further indications came from the contents of the bottles; the liquid was clear and showed only minute traces of contamination by pollution and weathering. This indicates that the bottles were all hung at one effort, possibly even by the same person or organisation. However, when empty bottles and string were found tucked and hidden away behind the tree, it suggests that more bottles would be progressively added to it, possibly in stages.

In addition to the hanging bottles were several decorated bottles placed near the tree. One in particularly featured detailed flower patterns and made to resemble a lantern. Another, in contrast, also resembled a lantern but was crudely made with plastic rings cut from mineral water bottles and joined together. At the foot of the tree was a strange object made from metal wire. The wire was skilfully woven into a circular object with the ends left sticking up, resembling a pair of pointed horns. A red make-shift tassel was attached to each end of the horns. In front of this strange object were burnt joss sticks stuck on the ground.

There were also traces of joss papers and evidence that a large scale type of offering ritual had been performed at the tree. It reminds one of the offerings made to spirits during the Hungry Ghost festival. It is likely that the wire-framed object was representative of a tree deity or powerful spirit. But while tree worshipping or the making of offerings to spirits at nature objects is commonly performed in Singapore, the main feature of the tree, the practice of hanging filled bottles on a tree is not.

The Investigation

The bottles, filled liquid and hanging from the branches of the tree, reminds some SPI agents of the famous Wishing Tree in Hong Kong. Kenny recalled during a previous case that took him to visit the Wishing Tree in Hong Kong years ago:

The minute we alighted from our vehicle, crowds of aunties rushed up to me asking to buy their joss-sticks. They thought that we wanted to see the Wishing Tree and to toss on it a pair of oranges, tied together by a long red string, for good luck. We quickly and successfully avoided them and instead made our way directly to a make-shift counter set up near a large joss-stick urn.

A devotee at the counter quoted me several categories of prices for their iconic wish-making oranges that come with a stack of joss papers for burning as offerings. The prices reflected the types of wishes one would like to make i.e. individual blessings, family blessings or blessings for success in business. Each type of blessing commands a different price. And they did not come cheap. Blessings start at HKD88 and could climb to HKD1388. I was astonished that a pair of oranges and a small stack of joss papers could command such prices and wondered if I could bring my own offerings. After all, it’s the same kind of offering we are making to the same tree.

It is unfortunate that making a wish or requests for blessings have been turned into well-oiled money making scheme at the Wishing Tree. Elsewhere, making wishes were accompanied by a simple gesture of tossing a coin into a well or fountain. Fortunately, however, recently I have heard that the Hong Kong Wishing Tree is now better regulated with the emphasis on preserving it as a unique local cultural tradition.

When Kenny saw the filled bottles hanging from the tree in Singapore, he immediately drew parallels with the Wishing Tree in Hong Kong.

1. Evidence of burnt offerings at the foot of the tree reinforces the notion that this tree is recognised as auspicious or special like the Wishing Tree or the Monkey Tree mentioned earlier.

2. Oranges are regarded as symbolic representations of wealth, prosperity and good fortune. These are also popular wishes made by believers at the Wishing Tree. There is also a popular belief at the Wishing Tree that the higher the throw and the higher the orange is caught on the tree branches, one’s wishes would be better heard by spirits and the greater possibility that that one’s wishes would be fulfilled.

Singaporeans may have also adopted the tradition of tossing auspicious items on an auspicious tree. Instead of tossing a pair of oranges strung by a long red string up the tree for good luck, local Singaporeans toss instead bottles of water. A former SPI Cultural specialist believes that these bottles were a symbolic representation of a vessel that hold the dreams and wishes of one making the offering. However, there is a more plausible explanation that stem from the symbol of the oranges in Hong Kong; water in local Chinese culture represents wealth and fortune.

The person or organisation who hung the bottles on the tree in Singapore was very likely mimicking practices from the popular and famous Wishing Tree in Hong Kong. The Money Tree in Hong Kong proved very popular in terms of tourism dollars and the bottle tree in Singapore could be an attempt to reproduce similar results in Singapore.

The Consequence

However, the creators of the bottle tree in Singapore may not be aware that their activities have broken the law on littering in Singapore. According to the Environmental Public Health Act, it is an offense to litter at any public place or public street. The items left on and around the tree can be interpreted as litter. Littering as an offence in Singapore carries a maximum fine of S$1,000 for the first offence and S$2,000 for a subsequent offence. The offence may be compounded for S$150 if it is a first offense – the offender must attend a 15 minute briefing on how littering can harm the environment. In 1992, the EPH (Corrective Work Order) (CWO) Regulations was passed, under which litterers may be required to clean up a public place. As from Feb. 2, 1996, the power to arrest those who litter was extended to operators of public vehicles. In 1999, the number of hours which a person may be required to work under a CWO was increased from 3 hours to a maximum of 12 hours, but not exceeding 3 hours per day.

Will the creators of the bottle tree in Singapore return and continue what they started? Or have they realised the gravity of their activities in terms of breaking the law? SPI will keep you updated with these strange hanging bottles.

Tree worship is a cultural belief that worshippers will receive blessings from spirits. Such spirits may directly reside in trees or through the tree they can be communicated in other realms. The spirits can reward worshippers of material requests such as winning lotteries or other wealth. Sometimes the tree spirits can give protection, for example healing illness or safety in transportation.

Tree worship is a matter of worshipping physical objects that is deemed nothing but superstition in skeptics’ eyes. Chinese religious folk beliefs are full of such magical stuffs. In ancient times, when indigenous people did not understand science, plus the fear from the natural environments around them, they placed huge respects on things that are larger than life or relate to their daily survival, such as thunder, rain, moon, sun, mountains, trees etc. Such respects became the primitive elements of shamanism and animism for hoping of some supernatural power would protect them against threats and dangers, that later evolved into a cultural practice. They worshiped most if not all natural substances from stone idols to biological plants and animals (ox, tiger, monkey, snake gods), often in admiration of their physical strengths.

Such physical strengths that appear greater than that of human which might be not understood (or explained) scientifically, were imagined to carry supernatural powers by our ancestors in the old days.

Finding Clues on the Bukit Batok Rape cum Murder




A young lady while jogging in Bukit Badok Reserve Park was gang raped, scorned and she died on the eve of Valentine’s Day 2001. At the opening of Hungry Ghost Festival (12:00am, Lunar 14 July), SPI revisited the original murder scene and investigated using both psychic methods and scientific equipment, hoping to solve the rape cum murder mystery. We encountered a vengeful ‘ring-tone’ ghost that revealed a stunning clue about the possible identity of the rapist.

Ghost Hand Prints on My Back

Fake or genuine?

Lately it has been a large number of spam emails circulating around our community, with a title “Avoid Siloso beach, Sentosa – Singapore”. Have you also received one or two? It looks like one of those friendly advisory mails that warn us a piece of danger, with real life experiences (bad and scary of course), right from our trustable next door neighbours. Without fail, it tries to tell us a paranormal incident, or more precisely, a sign of mischievous ghosts who tried to murder a girl. It encourages people by using a scary story to heed the advice.

This is the exact version of the circulation email:

On 4 July 09 -my Wife friend’s daughter went to siloso beach to frolick in the sun and sea and returned home with not just the sports bra tanline but a set of child’s handprints and one more on the shoulder, a bigger hand.If you look carefully in the first photo, you’ll see the really long nails on the bigger hand. So they went to the Chinese temple and checked and apparently a child-ghost tried to push her into the water but didnt work…so the adult-ghost tried on her right shoulder, didn’t work as well..turns out that, as Buddhists, the god they were praying to at home was protecting her.

Freaky.. I guess this explains the one-drowning-incident-a-year problem at Siloso beach?

Avoid deep waters or late nights there if you can.

Photos attached along with the circulated spam email

The story is telling that two ghosts tried to push the girl into the water, in an attempt of drowning her. In doing this, the two ghosts, one big and one small, left their handprints on the girl’s body. It is claimed to be evidenced by the mysterious handprints left on her shoulders as shown in the photos.

SPI doubt that whether they are really handprints made by the ghosts. If that is real, this then is a true case of paranormal happening – ghosts left behind physical traces of murder.

The story continued by glorifying the power of Buddhist blessing that defeated the ghosts’ attempt of murder. Then it moved on to an allegation that explains the infamous yearly drowning at Siloso beach. At the end it gave a benevolent advice to avoid deep waters or late nights where scary ghosts are implied to roam about. As you can see in this story, by a self-righteous belief, they attributed the ghosts who tried to kill the girl and the protection by the Buddha as a convincing fact. The only visible hard evidences however are the handprints and may be the fact that the girl didn’t die.

So did the ghosts make the handprints? Impressive they do certainly look, as if resembling shapes of human hand and finger. What actually and physically caused the handprints, if not by the ghosts? Putting the superstitions aside, SPI probes rationally into the handprints mystery for the truth.

SPI Analysis

Theory 1: The handprints are suntan of some shades

This canopy theory suggests that something of shapes of hands covered parts of her body during the suntan. The shades can be possibly tree leaves or even patterns of some cloths such as Hawaiian design garments. The girl may fall asleep during her suntan, and unknowingly such canopy was just right above her. The canopy that cast the shadow on her skin may well resemble fingers and hands. For example, palm tree leaves do look like claws or hands with long fingers.

The same theory can extend to possibilities that her friends may have played prank on her, giving her some surprise suntan shapes by holding her shoulders for some period of time. Or possibly may be some maple leaves fell on her shoulders, giving her the handprint-like suntan marks.

Tree leaves that may leave suntan marks on the girl’s body
Design patterns on the cloth may have cast the handprints
Examples of tan lines resulted by covering of swim wear

This theory suffers a main flaw that the outline of the sunburn marks are quite distinctive. That means if there were some canopy covered partially her body, it would be quite close to her skin. So unlikely tall trees can result in such marks with clear outlines. Also, as we all know, the sun moved. If the girl remained stationary under the canopy, the angle of the shade projection from a tree would change.This theory may not sufficiently explain the handprint marks, though it may be a first impression that came to many minds.

Theory 2: Uneven sunscreen oil

Examining closely on the ghostly handprints, they do not look like exactly handprints. Think out of the box. Initially by the story most people would have been misled to perceive that they are handprints. Only some of the photos whereby certain angle from above the corner of the shoulder, and by covering part of her shoulder from below with her shirt, give rise to visions of handprints. This is an illusion. As shown in the photos below, the illusion is caused by the position of the shirt the girl was wearing. The edge of the shirt marks the boundary of the handprints making them look like the wrist lines. The green lines mark the shape of a hand with the fingers. The red lines in the photo complete the shape of a hand, by resembling the wrist, the ending boundary of the hand.

The edge of the shirt when being pulled down to certain position, outlines visually the wrist (red lines)
That is how and why the prints look like ‘hand’ prints.

Now the shirt is pulled further down, and viewed from direct back. Do the prints still look like handprints? Not anymore.
They look more like Bart Simpson headprints (!!)

Now look carefully on the other photos especially those that offer a full and direct view of the her back. The sunburn concentrates on her top shoulder, with edge of some zigzag patterns. Some of the zigzag patterns were said to be the handprints. When you look closer, especially in the third photo above, the handprints are actually two long areas that start from the edge of the shoulder and extend all the way down on her back. Ghost hands? Not really. They more look like Bart Simpson’s head though.Just to further reinforce the fact that they are not handprints, below we show some suntan marks of handprints. The handprints are of course deliberately created by placing a hand on the skin during the suntan. Compare the photos yourself with those so-called handprints created by pulling up the shirt to create the illusion.

Real handprints by suntan, for comparison
Naturally, the next question is that whether this kind of patterns are normal or really, paranormal. We can safely rename those falsified handprints to ‘Bart Simpson headprints’ (BSH in short) by now. Below shows a photo of BSH which is one of the common suntan patterns resulted by improper sunscreen oil applying. Followed by that photo is a collection of photos as evidences of uneven suntan oil applications. Well, it is in fact very normal for all of us. This is nothing unusual at all, by applying suntan lotion or oil inappropriately, to result uneven marks on body.

Suntan that resembles Bart Simpson’s head due to uneven sunscreen oil coverage – normal phenomenon

Other examples of uneven coverage of sunscreen oil

Now, the big question is, what could possibly cause this kind of Bart Simpson’s head suntan prints?SPI Yuiiko narrates her experience last year which left her with more or less the same type of BSH prints on her back. Yuiiko explained “BSH print is nothing but result of uneven coverage of sunscreen oil applying. I got it before in one of the swimming and tanning sessions in a swimming pool. My husband who applied the oil on my body, didn’t cover evenly the whole skin area. He rubbed the oil on the back, limbs, etc, but forgot to apply the oil evenly over my shoulder. The top edge of the BSH mark is the oil from his fingers, therefore it has the zigzagging shape. They are just finger marks. The BSH print I used to have is same as that on the girl in the rumour.”

Yuiiko having her suntan session

ReenactmentIn order to further reinforce that the so-called ghost handprints are merely normal suntan, we tried to demonstrate how the Bart Simpson head shape suntan can be created. It is reenacted by using face mask cream and applying it on skin in a shot of up-down action, without rubbing the cream on skin thoroughly.

Bart Simpson head patterns recreated by using face mask cream
1. Ghost handprint created by rolling up the shirt to approximately the ‘wrist’ position – illusion created
2 – 4. When cream is only on fingers, distinctive straight lines are made

In the above photos, there are essentially two experiments. The first is to recreate the Bart Simpson head patterns on the back. It is made simply by first rubbing the cream on the hands, and then glided the hands vertically down in one shot from shoulders to the lower back. The patterns give a somewhat zigzag at the top resembling the fingers. Now if the full BSH pattern is covered up to the wriest position, it could look like a handprint (as in the ghostly rumoured photo).The second experiment, we only applied the cream on the fingers, without rubbing full on the hand palms, and then print them directly on the skin. We have several simple lines instead of a wedge of BSH pattern. What does it mean?

It means that in the ghostly handprint photos, whoever applied the uneven sunscreen oil on the girl’s back, had rubbed the oil on his/her palms. But perhaps hastily, he/she roughly just rubbed one or few shots over the girl’s back. Obviously, her shoulder was not thoroughly rubbed, leaving the finger marks on. In this section we explained how the Bart Simpson head patterns were made by first rubbing the cream on hand palms and just rubbed down from the shoulder in one or few shots. It is just an illusion by pulling up the cloth to cover the rest and to expose only the top part that resembles a handprint.

What a hoax

What actually happened in the whole incident? If the reader will indulge me, I shall outline a board scenario for what happened, and venture some theories on what the hand prints are.

First of all, the EXIF information is detected missing from the photos under question. EXIF is a metadata tag that is like a fingerprint that tells information about camera used, aperture, shutter speed and ISO information etc. If the story is true, why bother to go into technical length and remove the EXIF information? We find it suspicious. Was it something somebody is trying to hide?

Under our inspection program, the EXIF information were totally removed from that set of photos. Why hide if no guilt?

Just as a speculation, the girl might have unknowingly made those strange marks on her skin. Well, not exactly strange. The suntan marks look like handprints only when viewed from an angle above the shoulder with the cloth covering the lower part. The girl went to have a suntan on one fine day. It is likely that somebody else, e.g. her friend, who applied the sunscreen lotion on her, did a lousy job. From the suntan line, the girl should be wearing a “Y” belt sport bra. Because of the “Y” shaped belt, the bare shoulder blades (trapezius) look visually prominent. So intuitively, one would prioritize rubbing most of the lotion on the shoulder blade areas. The shoulders top were somehow ignored. That was how it was filled with finger marks but not evenly covered with sunscreen lotion. The suntan went on, the girl may not have noticed the uneven sunscreen coverage because the oil was soon absorbed into the skin.Probably only when she got home, she felt the sensation of skin burn and examined how bad the burn was. That was why she took these photos. Out of such set of photos, there are few photos with the special angles and collar positions that reveal the interesting shapes of handprints. However it is not known who made up the story and circulated the photos. Taken a sentence from the story “my Wife friend’s daughter went to siloso beach…”, it seems the girl was not the original poster, if that sentence is true. Perhaps somebody snatched the photos and created the hoax out of them.

If anybody has any information about the photos, or you are the owners of the photos, please contact SPI (info@spi.com.sg).

1-3. It is not uncommon that some people did not apply the sunscreen lotion unevenly and thoroughly.
As such, as shown in the photos, it is possible to create suntan lines that resemble ‘handprints’
4. When the sunscreen oil was absorbed into the skin, it became invisible and usually the swimmer would not have noticed it easily.

The handprints are not ghostly but natural phenomenon as a result of sunscreen lotion was not being properly applied. The collar of the shirt and the angle of camera shot gave an illusion that the prints are of hands. Actually they are shapes of Bart Simpson’s head when viewed at a perpendicular angle. The story is a lame rumour that conveniently made use the strange shape of handprints, called them ghost hands that tried to push the girl into the sea. The story went on to tell the benefit of being a devoted worshiper of a religion and hence got protected. From time to time, there are always similar rumours, for instance, somebody escaped death from a car accident, and his jade amulet was broken into halves as if the jade took upon the death on the owner’s behalf.It was condemned in STOMP that a liar out there was just trying to promote a religion. It is just another lame hoax that embeds within a superstitious propaganda for glorifying a supernatural power. By the Chinese cultural belief, ghost is an intangible and dark being that is very afraid of sunlight. Ghost can’t even substain for a slightest moment by exposing under a scorching sun. It would be more of the ghost killing itself than killing the girl by pushing her into water under a bright hot sun (!!). The last sentence warns people to stay away from deep water. It is not the deep water that kills. It is the ignorant people who are illuded into fallacies, disregard the truth and underestimate the risks.

To the SPI, it is another case closed.