The Kailash (कैलाश, Kailasa, Kailasha, Kailasanatha) temple is the unmatched structure in the world situated in Ellora. This is designed to recall Mount Kailash, the abode of Bhagwan Shiv – stands tall, enclosed within a big manmade crater, surrounded by rock. It is world’s oldest single rock carved, multi-storeyed temple complex. West archaeologists were awestruck and compared to notice that it is double the size of Parthenon in Athens. After being closely monitored, several experts also found that initially the temple was entirely covered with white plaster to increasingly resemble the snow covered Mount Kailash.
What Makes Kailash Temple The Most Divine Single Rock Structure of The World
Actual Date of Kailash Temple Construction Still Unknown
The fascinating fact is, almost nothing is known about the origins, constructors and builders of Kailash temple, there are no dates neither, any trace or inscriptions to describe the construction to be known to the world on the overall process and entire purpose of construction. This indicates that the carving dates back to hundreds of years – other experts put it thousands of years old and later some developments and changes were made by Buddhist and Jainese monks – thereby involvement of several generations of Hindu kings and later also followers of new religions when some of the Hindu kings got inclined towards some aspects of Buddhism and Jainism. The inscriptions are very old, most of them got diminished as hundreds of years passed by. Deciphering and reading inscriptions is almost impossible. Only a pious Hindu Sage can reassess the entire past of construction, if he has yogic powers to telepathically interact wtih the timescale and Sages of that time. Recently, Rashtrakuta king (756-773) undertook some of the renovation in terms of cleaning and upkeep of the divine structure.
How the Construction of Kailash Temple was Done
It seems a Mahayagya was performed for the rock. There is Vedic tradition of asking permission from the rock, ground, water whenever a path is carved through the mountain, earth or river respectively. After humbly taking permission through proper Vedic rituals, the construction process starts. Chanting Vedic mantras the rock was energized, sanctified then taking permission from god and remembering Vishwakarma, the mammoth task was taken to carve the rock. Even while carving it seems that methodical Vedic principles were followed because even to this day when you chant Mantras within the temple, the sound resonates, vibrates and echoes in a peculiar manner making you feel slowly connected to a Vedic cosmos, which cannot be felt anywhere in the world. The enormity of the temple conveys the endless creation of infinite Universe that Bhagwan created for us before de-manifesting it again to maintain cycle of creation to destruction.
Devotee gets energized and feel invocation of immense power flowing through the body. The way sound moves inside temples, speaking to pillars, carved statues, it shows the inner design was suggested by a Sage when he telepathically conversed with ancient and pious Sages of Bharat. The perfection with which each stone is carved gives meaning to Sacred Symbols of Hinduism. In Hinduism, there are several scared symbols which are gateways to connect with the Bhagwan. The realization of those sacred symbols in the form of divine Kailash temple can only be done under presence and blessings of Hindu Sages and Gurus.
The construction is so pious and strong that several attempts by terrorist aurangzeb and his islamic followers to break the temple pillars and cause denigration to the divine structure only led to further decimation of mughal invasion. And very minor damage was done to some of the elephants present in the huge structure.
Sculpting The Entire Rock to Realize Divine Imagination Into Massive Kailash Temple
The Kailash temple is not built. All is cut and carved from one gigantic piece of rock, hewn out of the Charanandri hills of the Sahyadri range of the Deccan Plateau at a village, which once was called Elapura, (later renamed as Ellora by british), 30 km northwest of Sambhajinagar (aurangabad). The Kailash temple was cut from the top down in a U-shape form, about 50 Meters deep in the back and sliding to lower levels on the sides to the front where there is an entry gate. From where the cutting was started is not known, definitely it could be from the Ganesh Dwar (every Hindu temple has a place that is dedicated to Bhagwan Ganesh, Son of Bhagwan Shiv), but later were the de-pilings done simultaneously or step by step – nothing is clear even after deep research conducted by several experts.
After deeply analyzing the amount of man-hours and efforts involved, experts summarized that the scale at which the work was undertaken is enormous. It covers twice the area of the Parthenon in Athens and is 1.5 times high (and bigger than all ancient temples of the world), and it entailed removing 200,000 tonnes of rock. It is believed to have taken 7,000 labourers and 150 years to complete the project.
Practically speaking with modern technology, given the space and plan around the Kailash temple, it is almost impossible to implement Ten 10-ton JCB machines to remove the rock pieces, as movement of each machine would require space and such huge machines can muffle up lot of space around them, their function is very complicated and when the ground is hollow the machine cannot operate and pose problem in itself.
Hypothetically, If the scale of work was carried today, it would have required at least 10 largest ever 10-ton JCB machines to excavate the pieces of rock of 20,000 tonnes by each machine. Each machine is able to excavate 100 tons of rock pieces in phased manner so even removal of 1000 tonnes each day would have taken more than 6 months i.e. 200 days of continous work !